The first Italian Hydrogen Valley will be built near Rome, at the ENEA Casaccia Research Center, and will take care of the energy vector at 360 degrees to shorten the distance that currently separates the most promising innovations from large-scale production. The project conceived by ENEA was born with an investment of 14 million euros (Mission Innovation funds) to create the first Italian technological incubator for the development of the hydrogen supply chain that takes care of the entire nascent supply chain (from production to distribution, from accumulation to use) in collaboration with universities, research institutes, associations and companies, with the aim of promoting the energy transition and decarbonisation.
Companies, Universities and NGOs are working together to green the Lombardian economy! A2A Calore e Servizi, Alfa Acciai, University of Brescia and DHPlanet have pursued the common goal of creating an innovative and efficient system for the recovery of energy from industrial thermal waste, deriving from the Alfa Acciai production site, in order to contribute to the supply of the district heating network already serving the city of Brescia.
As part of the decarbonization project of the Brescia city energy system promoted by A2A (Italian multi-utility, operating in the environment, energy, heat, grids and technologies for smart cities sectors. District heating operator), which will make the city “Carbon Free”, there are two important circular economy projects that see heat recovery as the protagonist from production plants, specifically from steel mills.
Low-Grade Waste Heat recovery in steel-making industry by coupling of Large Heat Pump and Gas Expander
Turboden will design and install an innovative industrial heat pump (Large Heat Pump) of about 5-7 MWth at the ORI Martin steel plant, through which it will be possible to increase (with the addition of electricity) the waste heat coming from the waste thermal low temperature of the steel plant from around 70 ° C to 120 ° C, the optimum temperature to then transfer it to the A2A district heating network.
Warmtenetwerk Zaanstad B.V. has created the first open district heating network in the Netherlands in Zaanstad-Oost. This organization is a partnership between the municipality of Zaanstad, Firan, and the provincial authority of Noord-Holland. Thanks to the open structure, all suppliers and customers will ultimately be able to use the heating infrastructure under the same conditions. The district heating network, which has supplied heat to an existing residential district since 2019, is powered by a local small-scale biomass plant in this early phase. In the future, we will also be able to connect newly constructed homes and create links for new products, suppliers and users.
In 2003, a hydrogen strategy was developed by the Government of Aragon. Its main objective is the development of new hydrogen technologies integrated with renewable energies and the promotion of Aragon’s incorporation to economic activities related to the use of hydrogen as an energy vector. To that end, the organisation, management, and execution of a wide range of actions in order to generate, store and transport hydrogen for its use in fuel cells, in transport applications or for the generation of distributed energy is carried out. The Government of Aragon aims to encourage research, technological development, cogeneration and industrial adaptation, contributing to industrial modernisation and the improvement of competitiveness. The implantation of projects based on sustainable energies that provide technological innovation and promote the energetic and environmental sustainability are favoured. Nowadays there are 73 members of the hydrogen strategy which are part of its Board and they belong to different sectors of interest.
Over the past several years, the Northern Netherlands has accelerated its hydrogen project pipeline together with its ambitions of becoming the leading European hydrogen ecosystem. The Northern Netherlands has received recognition as the leading European Hydrogen Valley developing a full-fledged green hydrogen value chain. Furthermore, multinationals have increasingly committed to the Northern Netherlands as their hydrogen ecosystem of choice, and regional governments have increased their commitments to realize the Northern Netherlands hydrogen ecosystem.
The Municipality of Goeree-Overflakkee aims to be energy-neutral in 2020 through the use of wind energy. They want to proactively move away from natural gas and to be a model location for sustainable energy solutions. Stad aan ‘t Haringvliet has been designated as a pilot location. After research, it became clear that all-electricity is difficult and inefficient and that connecting households at natural moments gives the best result in terms of sustainability. Stedin has also indicated that the natural gas grid is suitable for hydrogen and that the estimated costs of this solution are lower than an all-electric solution that involves reinforcing the electricity grid. So why not switch to hydrogen straight away?
The Brescia Province (Italy) is an area with major superficial aquifers and geological irregularity. This allows the exploitation of a geothermal source. Analysis of the results achieved by Cogeme SpA in the research of deep geothermal fluids and in the prototyping of “cold district heating” network systems allowing a rational use of groundwater for energy purposes.