The Italian Hydrogen Valley
Today green hydrogen can be obtained from various renewable energy sources, such as photovoltaics and wind power. ENEA will experiment with new technologies for production, through the use of waste (residual biomass) and the use of renewable medium-high temperature heat produced by concentrated solar plants.
Inside the incubator, pure hydrogen and mixed with natural gas can be used for the production of electricity; in fact, hydrogen-methane mixtures will be developed to be introduced into the internal gas distribution network and a local “hydrogen pipeline” will be created dedicated to the transport of pure hydrogen under pressure, to be used in a capillary manner according to the demand of the users. It is also planned to build a refueling station for hydrogen vehicles, such as vehicles for the movement of goods, buses and cars, in use within the ENEA Research Center, with the aim of demonstrating the contribution of this fuel to the decarbonisation of the mobility sector.
The ENEA hydrogen strategy also provides for the implementation of projects for the decarbonization of industry, in particular the energy-intensive one, but also of heavy road and rail transport still powered by diesel.