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The Italian Hydrogen Valley

The first Italian Hydrogen Valley will be built near Rome, at the ENEA Casaccia Research Center, and will take care of the energy vector at 360 degrees to shorten the distance that currently separates the most promising innovations from large-scale production. The project conceived by ENEA was born with an investment of 14 million euros (Mission Innovation funds) to create the first Italian technological incubator for the development of the hydrogen supply chain that takes care of the entire nascent supply chain (from production to distribution, from accumulation to use) in collaboration with universities, research institutes, associations and companies, with the aim of promoting the energy transition and decarbonisation.

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The establishment of an open district heating network

Warmtenetwerk Zaanstad B.V. has created the first open district heating network in the Netherlands in Zaanstad-Oost. This organization is a partnership between the municipality of Zaanstad, Firan, and the provincial authority of Noord-Holland. Thanks to the open structure, all suppliers and customers will ultimately be able to use the heating infrastructure under the same conditions. The district heating network, which has supplied heat to an existing residential district since 2019, is powered by a local small-scale biomass plant in this early phase. In the future, we will also be able to connect newly constructed homes and create links for new products, suppliers and users.

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A master plan for creating a hydrogen valley in Spain

In 2003, a hydrogen strategy was developed by the Government of Aragon. Its main objective is the development of new hydrogen technologies integrated with renewable energies and the promotion of Aragon’s incorporation to economic activities related to the use of hydrogen as an energy vector. To that end, the organisation, management, and execution of a wide range of actions in order to generate, store and transport hydrogen for its use in fuel cells, in transport applications or for the generation of distributed energy is carried out. The Government of Aragon aims to encourage research, technological development, cogeneration and industrial adaptation, contributing to industrial modernisation and the improvement of competitiveness. The implantation of projects based on sustainable energies that provide technological innovation and promote the energetic and environmental sustainability are favoured. Nowadays there are 73 members of the hydrogen strategy which are part of its Board and they belong to different sectors of interest.

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Hydrogen valley in the Northern Netherlands

Over the past several years, the Northern Netherlands has accelerated its hydrogen project pipeline together with its ambitions of becoming the leading European hydrogen ecosystem. The Northern Netherlands has received recognition as the leading European Hydrogen Valley developing a full-fledged green hydrogen value chain. Furthermore, multinationals have increasingly committed to the Northern Netherlands as their hydrogen ecosystem of choice, and regional governments have increased their commitments to realize the Northern Netherlands hydrogen ecosystem.

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Geothermal energy as the solution for small villages in Italy

The Brescia Province (Italy) is an area with major superficial aquifers and geological irregularity. This allows the exploitation of a geothermal source. Analysis of the results achieved by Cogeme SpA in the research of deep geothermal fluids and in the prototyping of “cold district heating” network systems allowing a rational use of groundwater for energy purposes.

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Using coal mine water as source for district heating

Mijnwater BV stands for building a grid that is affordable for its customers, allowing them maximum opportunity to improve the energy efficiency of their own buildings, and resulting in a collective infrastructure that will further reduce energy needs. This should form a solid foundation for being sustainably financed in the long term.

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Geothermal energy from abandoned coal mines in Spain

Abandoned coal mines contain large volumes of water at constant temperatures (increasing with depth by 1-3 °C per 100 m), thanks to their networks of flooded galleries and shafts lying at depths of up to several hundred metres below the surface. Heat pumps can take this geothermal energy and uplift it to a more useful temperature.

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100% Renewable Energy for the District Heating Network of Grenoble

The GRENOBLE-ALPES-METROPOLIS district heating, with its 170 km of liquid pressurized
water distribution pipes, is the second largest District Heating System in France (900 GWh). The
district heating is a strong part of the energy strategy of the city. The integration of renewable and recovery energy accelerates and solutions are deployed to achieve
a 100% RE District Heating in 2033. State of the art solutions (biomass, waste heat from incineration
plant, geothermal energy) are combined with innovative solution (storage, CO2 capture, smart control) .

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Realizing a CO2-free district heating network in odense

Odense wants to phase out the remaining 30% coal consumption in the heat
production for the district heating network by 2025. In 2018, the coal consumption was already reduced from ~900.000 t/y in 2010 to 2-300.000 t/y but the goal is to substitute this completely. To realize this purpose, electric heat pumps, large heat storages, biomass boilers, and electric boilers are constructed. The challenge is
to carry this out without price increases for the consumers, especially the greenhouse industry where
heat price is an important competition faction.

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District Heating Network Kortrijk

The City of Kortrijk installed a pilot heatnet at Kortrijk Weide, as a nucleus for further extensions in the city. The feasibility to install a heatnet backbone from the waste incinerator at the outskirts of the city, along the River Leie, to the city center was researched. As many building projects are taking place along the river, this would create the opportunity to connect over 1,000 households.

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