Hydrogen valley in the Northern Netherlands
The Northern Netherlands also has a systemic approach in place to create integrated selfsustaining value chains for end uses that can form the blueprint for the rest of Europe. Furthermore, the existing project pipeline provides the momentum needed to mature and scale up the Northern Netherlands hydrogen
ecosystem in the coming decade, underpinned by more than 50 projects in the value chain in (production, transport, and storage) and end uses (in industry, transportation, power, and buildings), with over EUR 9 billion in planned direct hydrogen-related investments (excluding offshore wind and grid expansions, which require large investments by themselves and are essential for the hydrogen ecosystem to be developed).
The Northern Netherlands has been recognized as the leading Hydrogen Valley in Europe. Building on this current momentum, recognition, and ambition level, the region aspires to remain the leading European hydrogen ecosystem beyond 2030, covering the entire hydrogen value chain, including
offshore wind (at least 4 to 6 GW), hydrogen production (50 to 75 PJ per annum of green hydrogen production), transport (1,150 km of connected northwestern European hydrogen pipelines), storage (150 PJ potential), and demand in northwestern Europe (400 PJ per annum from Benelux, western Germany, and northern France). By 2030, the Northern Netherlands will produce approximately 100 PJ of hydrogen per annum to supply over 25 percent of the hydrogen demand in northwestern Europe. Beyond 2030, when the European hydrogen ecosystem is fully developed, the Northern Netherlands will be the global center of hydrogen infrastructure and expertise, renewing its role as a leading “gas roundabout” and market hub for green fuels, manufacturing excellence, knowledge, and innovation.
To realize the Northern Netherlands‘ ambition in a systemic way, a road map has been implemented with two phases:
Phase 1: Maturing and scaling (2020 to 2025). From now until 2025, the Northern Netherlands will mature and scale up to between 5 to 10 PJ of hydrogen capacity per annum, with various projects in place across the value chain, from production and infrastructure to use cases. Over EUR 850 million in investments will be required to realize these projects. Apart from these private investments, additional regulatory and financial commitments are needed to ensure timely execution.
Phase 2: Expanding to northwestern Europe (2025 to 2030). From 2025 onwards, the Northern Netherlands hydrogen ecosystem will grow to 100 PJ per annum of Northern Netherlands hydrogen capacity by 2030, of which 75 percent will be green hydrogen (6 GW equivalent) and 25 percent will be blue
hydrogen production. The region will expand its reach to serve the northwestern European hydrogen markets with 400 PJ per annum of addressable hydrogen demand by 2030. Large projects will drive integrated hydrogen ecosystems while domestic and cross-border connections will connect the Northern Netherlands to northwestern European offtake markets. To realize these projects, over EUR 9 billion will be invested, and short-term governmental actions are needed to mandate hydrogen usage, expand offshore wind capacity, and synchronize cross-border investments and regulatory frameworks, in a complex environment of globally interconnected businesses and public bodies.